Ultrasound imaging, commonly known as sonography, is a crucial diagnostic tool in pediatric medicine. It uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the inside of the body, helping doctors diagnose and monitor various conditions in children without the need for invasive procedures or exposure to ionizing radiation. 

Child Ultrasound Service

In this article, we look into how ultrasound benefits paediatric care.

Safe and Non-Invasive

One of the biggest advantages of ultrasound in pediatric care is its safety. Unlike X-rays or CT scans, ultrasound does not use radiation, making it safer for children whose tissues and organs are more sensitive to radiation exposure. The non-invasive nature of ultrasound also means that it does not require any incisions or injections, which can be particularly advantageous for children who may be anxious or afraid of medical procedures.

Real-Time Imaging

Ultrasound provides real-time imaging, which is invaluable in paediatrics. This allows physicians to see the structure and movement of a child's internal organs and blood flowing through blood vessels in real-time. For infants and young children who cannot always communicate their symptoms or cooperate during an exam, ultrasound becomes an essential tool for quick and effective diagnosis.

Broad Range of Applications

Ultrasound is incredibly versatile and can be used to diagnose a wide range of conditions in children, including but not limited to:

Guiding Procedures

Ultrasound is also used to guide medical procedures in children, such as the placement of needles for biopsies or when draining fluids. This is important because it increases the accuracy and safety of these procedures, minimising the risk associated with more invasive techniques.

Cost-Effective and Accessible

When compared to MRI and CT scans, ultrasound is often less costly and more accessible. This makes it an invaluable resource, particularly in urgent care settings or communities with minimal medical infrastructure. 

Comfort and Compliance

Children, especially young ones, can find it difficult to stay still for long periods, which is necessary for many diagnostic tests. Ultrasound examinations are usually quicker and can be performed while the child is sitting or even lying in a parent's lap. This flexibility can help to reduce stress for both the child and the parents, leading to more accurate results and a more pleasant experience overall.


Ultrasound is indispensable in paediatric care due to its safety, versatility, and the detailed, real-time information it provides. It helps in the early diagnosis and treatment of various conditions, guiding procedures with greater accuracy and offering a more child-friendly approach to medical imaging. As technology advances, the role of ultrasound in paediatrics is likely to grow even more, helping to ensure better health outcomes for children around the world.

At Paediatric Diagnostics, we provide top-quality private paediatric ultrasound services for your child's medical needs. Our experienced team of specialists is committed to delivering exceptional care, using advanced imaging technology to accurately diagnose and monitor various conditions in children.

Book an initial appointment for your child today.

Endocrine disorders encompass a broad category of diseases that occur when the endocrine system, the network of glands that produce, store, and release hormones into the bloodstream, does not function properly. These hormones are vital for controlling a variety of bodily processes, including metabolism, mood, sleep, growth and development, tissue function, sexual function, and reproduction. A disturbance in the hormone balance might result in serious health problems.

Boy suffering from Endocrine disorders

Common Causes of Endocrine Disorders

Endocrine disorders are often caused by various factors, including genetic mutations, diseases, infections, changes in the body's immune system, or damage to an endocrine gland. Some common conditions, like diabetes, occur when glands produce too much or too little of a hormone, known as hyperfunction and hypofunction. Other disorders, such as thyroid diseases, can arise from structural problems in the glands, including growths or tumours.

Symptoms to Look Out For

The symptoms of endocrine problems might vary depending on which hormone is implicated, but they frequently include changes in blood pressure or heart rate, exhaustion, increased thirst or urination, muscle weakness, mood swings, blurred vision, changes in appetite, and abnormalities in digestion. For instance, signs of hypothyroidism, or underactive thyroid, can include weight gain, lethargy, and cold intolerance. In contrast, an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) might result in weight loss, increased heart rate, and anxiety.

Treatments Available

The treatment for endocrine disorders depends on the specific disease and the underlying cause but typically focuses on restoring hormone balance. Common treatments include:

Monitoring and Management

Effective management of endocrine disorders often requires a comprehensive approach, including regular monitoring of hormone levels, adherence to treatment plans, and adjustments to therapies as needed. Untreated endocrine abnormalities can result in major health complications because the endocrine system is essential to general health. Therefore, early detection and treatment are crucial.

In summary, endocrine disorders are a group of diseases resulting from the dysfunction of the glands in the endocrine system. They can have a variety of causes and symptoms, which can make diagnosis difficult at times. However, with proper treatment and management, many people with endocrine disorders can lead healthy, normal lives.

Contact Us

If you think that your child may be suffering from an endocrine related disorder, please contact Paediatric Diagnostics today to arrange an initial consultation.


Cows' milk protein allergy (CMPA) can present with a range of symptoms in children, affecting the skin , digestive, and respiratory systems. Look out for signs such as abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhoea, eczema, blood or mucous in stools, constipation, severe gastro-oesophageal reflux, wheezing, and excessive fussiness after feeding.

Navigating Cows' Milk Protein Allergy in Children: A Parent's Essential Guide


CMPA occurs when a child's immune system reacts adversely to proteins found in cow's milk. The two main proteins responsible are casein and whey. The immune response triggers symptoms ranging from mild discomfort to severe reactions, making it crucial for parents to be aware of potential allergens in their child's diet.


The primary treatment for CMPA involves eliminating all sources of cows' milk protein from the child's diet. This includes breastfeeding mothers avoiding dairy or switching to hypoallergenic formulas. In severe cases, healthcare providers may prescribe specialised hypoallergenic formulas to ensure the child receives adequate nutrition.

When to See a Doctor:

If you notice persistent symptoms in your child that may be indicative of CMPA, it's important to consult a healthcare professional. Early diagnosis and management can significantly improve the child's quality of life. Immediate medical attention is crucial if there are severe symptoms like difficulty breathing or anaphylaxis.


Confirmation of CMPA often involves diagnostic investigations. These may include skin prick tests, blood tests measuring specific antibodies, or an oral food challenge under medical supervision. These tests help healthcare providers determine the severity of the allergy and guide appropriate treatment.


Preventing CMPA largely revolves around early detection and careful dietary management. If there is a family history of allergies, especially to cows' milk, it's advisable to monitor your child closely for any signs of allergic reactions. When introducing solids, gradually incorporate new foods, and be vigilant for any adverse reactions. By understanding the symptoms, causes, and preventive measures associated with cows' milk protein allergy, parents can actively contribute to their child's well-being.

Regular communication with healthcare providers ensures a collaborative approach in managing CMPA and providing the best possible care for your child.

Contact Paediatric Diagnostics today.

A recent article by the Standard newspaper explained how Professor CK Sinha, Consultant Paediatric General and Urology Surgeon, and his team helped to save the life of a premature baby who was expected to die a few hours after being born when surgeons discovered she had a dead bowel.


Regarding the surgery, Professor Sinha said, “The surgery was a huge success, and we were so excited to see it happen, but it was also a challenging journey.

“We kept ourselves positive, and a huge credit needs to go to Connie’s parents, who were so supportive throughout. It was a whole team effort, and everyone was there to support Connie and her parents throughout their journey.”

Read the full article here: Doctors save life of baby with ‘miracle’ rare surgery at St George’s Hospital in south London.

Professor CK Sinha has over 25 years’ experience in paediatric surgery and paediatric urology, and is part of the team at Paediatric Diagnostics.

He has authored or contributed to over 115 publications, 15 books, and 50 national and international presentations. One of his most popular books is ‘Handbook of Paediatric Surgery’, published by Springer London – New York.

He is also the Clinical Governance Lead at St George’s Medical School and is actively involved in training the next generation.

To learn more about Professor CK Sinha, and the rest of our amazing team at Paediatric Diagnostics, please click here.

Neurodevelopmental disorders like Autism and ADHD can present with behavioural and educational difficulties, and diagnosing these conditions as early as possible can enable early treatment, which can have very encouraging results.

Late diagnosis carries an increased risk of developing mental health illnesses in adolescence and adulthood.

With this in mind, it is important to know the main symptoms of ADHD in children to look out for. 

The main symptoms include:

According to research, boys are twice more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD when compared to girls, with the age of 7 being the most common time when children are diagnosed with the condition.

If you think that your child has ADHD, please get in touch with Paediatric Diagnostics today.

We provide Neurodevelopmental specialist assessments for children and young people up to 18 years old, and our team has extensive experience in dealing with neurodevelopmental disorders.

Paediatric Diagnostics can also offer in-depth evaluations of autism and ADHD. All our assessments and tools are in line with the current NHS guidelines.

Tongue-tie (ankyloglossia) is a common problem involving a band of skin between the underside of the tongue and the floor of the mouth. If this band of skin is very tight it can restrict the movement of a baby’s tongue making breastfeeding difficult.

Breastfeeding improves fast for some newborns following tongue-tie removal. Others may require many meals before seeing an improvement. Unfortunately, some newborns who have a tongue-tie division may not improve.

In a recent news article on the BBC, two mums told of the problems they have had when trying to feed their newborn babies with the condition.

Mother-of-two Clare Sinton saying that the experience was “Excruciating, unbearable, helpless.”, whilst Katharine Sharlott struggled to feed her newborn after a midwife said that his tongue movement looked fine, despite it turning out that her son had a 75% tie.

Read the full article here:
Tongue-tie: Mums and babies ‘let down’ by poor services

Tongue tie division can be performed by our paediatric ENT surgeon supported by one of our paediatric nurses. If your child is less than 3 months of age this can usually be carried out safely in our paediatric clinics. A tongue-tie assessment and division can be arranged for a total fee of £250.

Click here to learn more about tongue-tie division at Paediatric Diagnostics.

Our Medical Consultants and Surgeons are registered with the GMC (General Medical Council) and are regulated by the Care Quality Commission (CQC). The CQC is an independent regulator for health and social care in England. 
© All rights reserved